How to calculate the dividend payout ratio from an income statement

An organization’s dividend payout ratio gives traders an idea of ​​how much money it returns to its shareholders versus how much it keeps available to reinvest in development, pay down debt, or add to cash reserves.

This ratio is well calculated using the figures discovered on the back of an organization’s tax return. It differs from the dividend yield, which compares the dividend expense to the current value of the company’s stocks.

Key points to remember

  • The dividend payout ratio is an approach to knowing how much dividend money is paid out.
  • This calculation lets companies know how much money is left (after dividends are paid) to use to pay off money owed or reinvest.
  • You calculate this ratio using an organization’s income statement.
  • A dividend payout ratio is totally different from a retention ratio or dividend yield
  • Businesses use this ratio, people don’t.

Company dividend payouts and retention rate

Calculation of the dividend payout ratio

The dividend payout ratio can be calculated as the annual dividend per share divided by earnings per share (EPS), or equivalent, or divided by the dividend payout ratio to net earnings on a per share basis. In this case, the components used are dividends per share divided by earnings per share (EPS). EPS represents web revenue minus most popular inventory dividends divided by the common number of top stocks over a given time frame. Another variant most favored by some analysts uses diluted web revenue per share which is also part of the choices in the company’s inventory.

The place to find dividend payout ratio figures

Web revenue, EPS, and diluted EPS figures are all discovered on the back of an organization’s tax return. For the amount of dividends paid, check the company’s dividend announcement or its balance sheet, which shows excellent stocks and retained earnings.

A development investor favorable to an organization’s growth prospects is more likely to look at the retention rate, while an income investor more focused on dividend analysis tends to use the dividend payout rate.

Dividend Payout Ratio vs Retention Ratio

Dividend payout rate is the other of the retention rate which indicates the proportion of web revenue retained by an organization after the dividend funds. Payout ratio means the proportion of full web earnings paid out as dividends.

Dividend payout ratio


Dividends paid

Web Earnings

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Calculating the retention rate is easy, by subtracting the dividend payout rate from the primary. The 2 ratios are essentially two sides of the same coin, offering totally different views for valuation.

Retention rate



Dividend payout ratio

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For example, a company pays $100 million in dividends per year and earns $300 million in web revenue in the same year. In this case, the dividend payout ratio is 33% ($100 million ÷ $300 million). Thus, the company pays 33% of its profits in the form of dividends. In the meantime, its retention rate is 66%, or 1 minus the dividend distribution rate (1 – 33%). Thus, the company keeps 66% of its web revenues to reinvest them.

Dividend payout ratio to dividend yield

While many traders are focused on the dividend yield, excessive yield may not be primarily a significant factor. If an organization pays out most, or more than 100%, of its earnings as dividends, that dividend yield may not be sustainable.

For example, an organization offers a dividend yield of 8%, paying $4 per share in dividends, but it surely only generates $3 per share in profits. Which means the company pays out 133% of its earnings as dividends, which is unsustainable in the long term and should lead to lower dividends.

What is a dividend?

Dividends are gains on stocks paid frequently to traders who are shareholders.

What is a good dividend payout ratio?

This may vary depending on the scenario, but in general, an excellent dividend payout ratio is considered to range from 30% to 50%.

How do I calculate a dividend payout ratio?

The dividend payout ratio can be calculated by taking the annual dividend per share and dividing it by earnings per share or you should use dividends divided by web earnings.